Linking Phonological Awareness and Reading Abilities

Date of Award


Document Type

Research Project

Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)




Reading achievement is essential in the early years. One potential way to increase early reading skills is through phonological awareness. Phonological awareness is the ability to manipulate words and sounds. This study examined 19 first grade students from a K-6 elementary school in northern New England. All students were provided with a daily five- to ten-minute intervention in phonological awareness. Pre- and post-intervention each child was assessed using the Phonological Awareness Skills Test and general running record forms to determine their grade level in reading. The study found that direct instruction in phonological awareness improved early reading abilities. Of the 79% of students reading below level at the beginning of the study, only 21% were still below level at the end of the study. It is suggested that early childhood teachers provide direct phonological awareness instruction to their students to improve early reading skills.